ADD and ADHD are very similar, except for one major element. Attention deficit disorder is a condition in which the person has trouble maintaining focus or attention on one thing for any length of time. In most cases, their attention span lasts approximately five minutes before the person's mind begins to wander and they are focusing on something else. ADHD is also characterized by a person's inability to pay attention for long periods of time, but with the added twist of constant activity. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder also includes hyperactivity as a major factor in how the person behaves. Not only is their attention span, short and erratic, the hyperactivity can make it extremely difficult for a young student to maintain their composure long enough to sit through a class or meeting that is more than 30 to 40 minutes long.
Aside from possible nutritional imbalances, psychiatrists often look to chemical imbalances within the brain to possibly correct and treat ADHD. Psychiatrists use counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medications to help control both the shorter than normal attention span and the hyperactivity disorder. Calming the mind and eliminating potential distractions can be accomplished in some respect through changing behaviors and developing new habits. For individuals whose condition is severe enough that counseling and other types of treatment are not effective, medication may be needed to help establish a balance of chemicals within the brain. Controlling ADHD with medication allows the person to regain some semblance of normality aside from the constant and hectic workings of the mind.
Each case of ADD and ADHD is different. If a person is diagnosed with a mild form of either disorder, changes in diet, regular exercise, altering certain behavioral patterns, and making positive lifestyle changes may be all that is necessary for them to monitor and control their disorder. Individuals of almost any age can be diagnosed with the ADD/ADHD-type disorders. Doctors may prescribe medications to bring the condition under control and then alter the dosage as the person's symptoms begin to improve. While the symptoms of ADD/ADHD can be attributed to various other conditions, including anxiety, proper testing should be performed to determine an exact diagnosis.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!